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Technological progress, industrial structure upgrading and new industrialization

technological progress is the internal driving force of industrial structure upgrading, including industrial structure upgrading, and the adjustment and upgrading of industrial structure play an important role in the process of new industrialization. Only a reasonable industrial structure can ensure the healthy development of new industrialization, and abnormal or unreasonable industrial structure will hinder the deepening of industrialization. Through technological progress, we should transform traditional industries, including agriculture, with information technology and other high and new technologies and advanced applicable technologies, so as to optimize and upgrade the industrial structure and "form an industrial pattern with high and new technology industries as the guide, basic industries and manufacturing industries as the support, and comprehensive development of the service industry", Promote the process of new industrialization

I. The impact of industrial structure upgrading on operators not to be afraid of new industrialization when encountering problems

industry accounts for the largest proportion of GDP in all industries in China, and its rapid growth contributes the most to GDP growth. At the same time, industrial development itself is the promotion of industrialization, so industrial development is very important to new industrialization. Industrial development includes total increase and structural upgrading. For China, industrial structural upgrading is more important. Structural optimization can better promote total growth. It can be seen that the upgrading of industrial structure is very important for China to take a new road to industrialization

the upgrading of industrial structure can be divided into three stages and four periods. The first stage is the stage of heavy industrialization, which includes two stages: focusing on raw materials and basic industry and focusing on processing and assembly industry; The second stage is the stage of high degree of processing, including two periods: the general processing industry and the technology intensive processing industry; The third stage is the stage of technology intensification, which includes two periods: the general technology intensive industry and the high-tech intensive industry. Among them, the second period of the heavy industrialization stage is the first period of high degree of processing, and the second period of the high degree of processing stage is also the first period of the technology intensive stage, which is suitable for all aspects such as precision and meets the needs of the industry. At present, China's overall industrial structure has basically completed heavy industrialization, and is in the transition from the period focusing on general processing industry to the period focusing on technology intensive processing industry in the stage of high processing degree, with slow structural upgrading

(I) impact of industrial structure upgrading on new industrialization

in recent years, China's industrial structure upgrading has been relatively slow, which has caused some adverse effects on new industrialization, mainly reflected in the following aspects

1. The slow upgrading of industrial structure leads to the uncoordinated supply-demand relationship of industrial products, which affects the healthy development of industry and the smooth progress of industrialization. In recent years, most industrial products and overcapacity have appeared in China, which has led to vicious competition and low enterprise efficiency. At the same time, high-grade, high-tech and high-quality consumer goods and technical equipment can not meet the needs, or even can not be produced, and rely on imports. The main source of this contradiction lies in the slow upgrading of industrial structure, which cannot adapt to the upgrading of demand structure

2. The slow upgrading of industrial structure has led to a large increase in China's industrial energy and materials, and has not enjoyed the benefits of reducing energy consumption and resource consumption per unit industrial output value brought about by the upgrading of industrial structure. In 1955, the mechanical and electrical industry accounted for 18.3 percent of Japan's industries, the consumer goods industry accounted for 54.5 percent, and the energy and raw materials industry accounted for 27.2 percent. By 1975, the proportion of the electromechanical industry had increased by 20 percentage points, while the proportion of the energy and raw materials industry had only increased by 0.7 percentage points. Moreover, Japan's basic industries mainly serve the electromechanical industry, and the unit energy and materials can be appreciated through deep processing. Thus, due to the upgrading of industrial structure brought about by the rapid growth of Electromechanical industry, the proportion of energy and materials consumed has not increased compared with 20 years ago. In 1960, the United States consumed 120million tons of steel. In 1990, the economic aggregate increased by 2.5 times compared with 1960, but the consumption of steel decreased to 85million tons. This is also mainly due to technological progress and the upgrading of industrial structure. To take the new road of industrialization in China is to take a road of industrialization with low resource consumption, so we must speed up the upgrading of industrial structure

3. The slow upgrading of industrial structure has affected the improvement of the quality of industrial growth and delayed the pace of new industrialization. The slow upgrading of industrial structure not only hinders the speed of technological progress and the rise of industrial growth efficiency, but also affects the structural effect of industrial growth process. Capital, human resources and other production factors are largely concentrated in the processing industrial sectors with low technology, low efficiency or low added value, and cannot flow to the processing industrial sectors with technology intensive, deep processing, high technology, high efficiency and high added value, thus inhibiting the contribution of structural changes to the improvement of the quality of industrial growth

4. The slow upgrading of industrial structure has also affected the international competitiveness and export growth of China's industrial products, and adversely affected the new industrialization. The slow upgrading of industrial structure makes most of China's export industrial products shallow in processing, low in technology content and low in added value. In the international market, we can only adopt low-cost competition, and the international terms of trade are deteriorating day by day

to sum up, the problem of slow upgrading of industrial structure has hindered the healthy development of China's industry and the promotion of new industrialization. Measures must be taken to accelerate the upgrading of industrial structure

(II) main reasons for slow upgrading of industrial structure "There are three main reasons for the reduction, reuse and recycling of steel structure buildings throughout the life cycle:

1. insufficient technological progress and the role it plays in industrial growth and structural upgrading need to be improved, which is the internal reason for the slow upgrading of China's industrial structure.

2. the heavy manufacturing industry, especially the equipment industry, has not been developed rapidly, resulting in the lack of support for the upgrading of industrial structure. The foundation of China's equipment industry Weak. The third national industrial census shows that only 26.1% of the 1180 major professional equipment of large and medium-sized enterprises in China have reached the advanced level. The main reason for such a low level of equipment lies in the low technical level of China's equipment manufacturing industry. According to the data provided by the Ministry of science and technology, due to the backwardness of the equipment industry, 2/3 of the equipment investment in China's social fixed assets depends on imports. Most of the optical fiber manufacturing equipment, integrated circuit chip manufacturing equipment, petrochemical equipment, car industrial equipment, CNC machine tools, textile machinery, offset printing equipment, etc. are occupied by imported products. 100% of optical fiber manufacturing equipment and 80% of petrochemical equipment are occupied by imported products; Every year

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