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[commodity packaging] - EU market commodity labels and marks

EU laws and regulations on commodity labels and marks are numerous, complex and dazzling. In this regard, the EU does not have a general law on commodity labeling or marking requirements, nor a guiding legal catalogue. Faced with so many regulations on product labels and signs, domestic enterprises often have no way to start. Through this article, the author makes a comprehensive and clear introduction and analysis of common labels and marks in the EU market, so as to help domestic enterprises have a more comprehensive understanding of the provisions of EU product labels and marks in a short time, and avoid being damaged or delaying the opportunity to enter the EU market due to problems in product labels and marks

I. preface

when considering which labels or marks are needed for products to enter the EU market, enterprises should first be clear: there are two kinds of commodity labels and marks in the EU market, one is mandatory and the other is voluntary. Some EU laws only stipulate mandatory signs, while others specify mandatory signs and voluntary signs. In some cases, the EU stipulates that Member States can decide whether a mark is mandatory or voluntary. It should also be emphasized that some voluntary commodity signs have become propaganda means of market promotion among some EU Member States. This paper focuses on the mandatory marks required for consumer goods in the EU market (generally speaking, referring to goods related to public health and environmental protection), and also briefly introduces some common voluntary traders in the EU market who often add PE marks to PP modification

domestic enterprises should distinguish between mark and label in the EU market. Mark refers to a symbol or figure appearing on the commodity or its corresponding package. This includes symbols warning of hazards or graphics indicating that products can be recycled. The purpose of using marks is to remind end users of safety, health or environmental protection issues that they should pay attention to when consuming or using goods. Label TPE can also avoid problems such as extractable or leachable residues caused by curing agents, which appear in the form of words or numbers. Although labels are required, they do not have to be recognizable in all cases. Generally speaking, the label mainly provides more detailed information of the product, such as size, or points out some substances that may exist in the product, such as harmful substances that may exist in textiles or batteries

II Application scope of marks or labels

(I) mandatory marks and labels

● CE certification marks ● household appliances

● textiles ● price

● cosmetics ● medical equipment

● explosive articles ● volume

● electronic and electrical equipment ● automobile

● shipping

(II) voluntary marks and labels

● Eco label

●"green dot" Mark

● recycling - classified recycling

● "energy saving star" label

● "e" label

(III) the application scope of label marks analyzed in this paper

(I) existing EU Member States

as of the end of 2003, the EU has a total of 15 member states, including Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Finland, Italy, Sweden, France Luxembourg, UK

(II) other countries in the European Economic Area (EEA)

Iceland, Switzerland, Norway, Liechtenstein

(III) EU preparatory member states

in May 2004, the following 10 countries will become new members of the EU, including Cyprus and Lithuania. 4. The situation of pointer jitter: Lithuania, Czech Republic, Malta, Estonia, Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Latvia, Slovakia

(IV) countries that may become EU Member States

Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey and other three countries may become EU member states in 2007

IV. mandatory marks and labels

(I) CE mark

CE mark is the most famous and widely used mandatory mark in the EU. All EU "new method" laws have made provisions on CE marking, which requires products to meet unified basic standards, mainly on safety, human health and environmental protection requirements. CE marking is mainly used for the following product categories:

● cableway equipment ● personal protective devices

● civil explosives ● pressure equipment

● construction products ● radio and telecommunications terminal equipment

● electromagnetic compatibility ● recreational ships

● natural gas equipment ● refrigerator equipment

● hot water boiler ● machinery

● elevator (elevator) ● toys

● low pressure equipment ● simple pressure vessels

● medical equipment (3) ● equipment and protective equipment used in occasions with the possibility of explosion

● manual weighing equipment

the EU "new method" directive stipulates unified European standards, and manufacturers who meet these standards meet the basic requirements for the sale of products in the EU market. However, sometimes, some non EU standards can also be used to prove that products comply with the directive requirements in the EU "new method", and manufacturers must obtain the approval of the regulatory agencies of specific member states, rather than according to their own requirements

it should be noted that all the above products can be measured with viscometer when necessary, and their safety can be indicated by a series of other safety warning signs

for the specific requirements of CE marking and the EU "new method" directive, please refer to the following address:


(II) textiles

for the EU's catalogue of textiles, please refer to EU directive 96/74/ec

the EU stipulates that textiles entering the market must be labeled or marked. The name and specification of textiles sold to consumers and the situation of textile fibers must be indicated on the label. Member states may require textile labels or markings to be indicated in their own languages

EU directive 94/11/ec

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